Inclusive Education in Portugal (details)

Europe highlighted at the world map Relevance - Aims - Context - The implementation process - Video - Contact details

Example reference number: 040EN

This example is relevant to the following areas of the UNESCO Policy Guidelines:


D1 – Conduct awareness campaigns via media, posters, conferences and training



The video was produced to inform parents and children of their right to inclusive education and to influence inclusive practice in all schools.



The education system in Portugal, according to Law n.º 49/2005, provides the means for ensuring the right to an education, guaranteeing access to continuous learning, as a way of promoting the global development of individual personality, social progress and a more democratic society.


The new law on Special Needs Education (Decree-Law nº 3/2008) states that pupils with SEN should not only receive their education in a mainstream school, but also fully join their peers in the curriculum and in school life; that pupils with SEN should generally take part in the mainstream class rather than be isolated in separate units; that separate provision can occasionally be necessary for specific purposes; that schools should review and adapt their approaches in order to achieve greater inclusion.


The video was filmed in inclusive classrooms. It shows children with different abilities working with their peers in a variety of activities in school.


The implementation process

The video, produced by the Ministry of Education, involved pupils, teachers, other school staff, principals and parents.


It shows images of children with different abilities involved in various activities of school life and highlights the rights of SEN pupils established in Portuguese law to inform parents and students.





We have the right to be assessed within general procedures like our colleagues without SEN.

We have the right to an individual education plan (IEP) to meet our individual needs.

We have the right to an education that respects our cultural background and our mother tongue.

We have the right to attend mainstream school like our brothers, colleagues and friends.

We have the right to choose the school that we and our parents feel it's better for us.

We have the right to accessible materials to facilitate our learning.

We have the right to assistive technologies that facilitate our mobility.

We have the right to well prepared teachers, able to meet our needs.

We have the right to the programme of learning that all pupils follow.

We have the right to an individual transition plan (ITP) to ensure that our future is planned respecting our expectations, interests and skills.


We have rights.



Contact details

dseease (at) dgidc.min-edu.pt


If you are using any part of the text or materials from this example, please clearly reference the source of this example (www.inclusive-education-in-action.org/040EN), the example reference number (040EN) and the organisation’s details (see contact details above).