Legislative Definitions around Learners’ Needs: A snapshot of European country approaches

Legislative definition_cover page
The Legislative Definitions around Learners Vulnerable to Exclusion activity focused on collecting and analysing information on legal definitions or descriptions used in Agency member countries. There was a specific focus on legislative definitions around all learners vulnerable to exclusion in education systems. However, the activity also collected evidence on definitions or descriptions relating to learners with special needs, anti-discrimination legislation, legislation for inclusive education, and intersectionality.

This report presents the activity’s results. It introduces developments in the thinking around learners’ needs as the background and rationale for this activity. It then sets out the steps taken in the activity’s analysis and presents how countries identify and label groups of learners. Finally, it discusses possible developments in the thinking that guides legislation around learners’ needs and what these may indicate in terms of an underlying approach to inclusive education systems in Agency member countries.
European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education
inclusion in education, Definitions, inclusion policy, inclusive education policies, vulnerability
Marginalized & Vulnerable group:
All, Indigenous & Minorities, Refugees & Migrants, Socially & Economically excluded groups, Persons with disability
System wide approach, Curriculum, Gender inequalities, ICTs, Inclusive Pedagogy & Practices, Language of Instruction, Physical Learning Environment, Educational Staff Professional Development, Violence & Bullying
Level of Education:
Across the education sector
Type of Resources:
Research & Policy Papers
Europe & North America
Language of Publication: